Have you ever wondered why all dogs from a breed look alike? Why they all have similar personalities and temperaments? Why you can count on all dogs from a certain breed to have so much in common?
This is due to breed standards. Breed standards are the reasons you can count on a Dachshund to look like every other Dachshund. These standards create ideals for the size, build, shape, coat and temperament of a particular breed.
Breeders use these standards to guide their decisions on which dogs should and should not be bred. They look for animals that are as close to the breed standard as possible. This ensures that each new generation has the same traits as the last, keeping the breed uniform and healthy.
Dachshunds General Appearance
Dachshunds are in the hound group as they are hunting dogs. Their body should be low to the ground and have a balanced appearance. They shouldn’t look awkward nor should their movements appear labored. Their skin should be elastic without too much wrinkling. The Dachshund’s overall demeanor should give the appearance of confidence and alertness.
The Dachshund has two sizes: miniature and standard. The miniature weighs 11 pounds and under after their first birthday. The standard weighs in between 16 and 32 pounds after reaching the one year mark. They are not in different categories, but in separate weight classes under the same classification.
The Dachshund should have a tapered tail that is neither spindly nor thick. It should have hair on it but not enough to be considered bushy. A hairless tail is also undesirable. The nose and nails of the Dachshund should be black and their eyes should be dark. Their ears should be set at the top of their head without being too far forward. The ears shouldn’t be narrow, pointed or fold over on themselves.
The trunk and neck should be muscular with a gently sloping angle. They shouldn’t have a sharp angle between their head, neck and back. And though their trunk is long, their abdomen shouldn’t sag. In fact, the abdomen should be slightly drawn up to conform to breed standards.
Dachshunds are considered hounds and this means that they are hunting dogs. For this reason scars from “hunting wounds” do not negatively effect the dogs scores in dog shows. These are considered honorable and not seen as faults. Their bite, however is important. A scissior bite is desireable while an even bit is a fault.
Dachshund Breed Standard: Coat Color
Common colors for one colored Dachshunds are red or cream. Two color Dachshunds are generally black, tan, grey,cream or fawn. It is preferred that tan and cream are not the dominant color, but rather occur with a black base. A little bit of white on the chest is acceptable but it’s not a desirable trait.
Dappled is another color pattern you’ll see in Dachshunds. This type of coat coloration has a mix of light and dark colors interspersed from head to tail. No color should be more dominate, but rather a balance each other out over the body. White on the chest of a dappled Dachshund is considered acceptable.
Some smooth coated Dachshunds are brindled, meaning their light and dark colors are in a stripped pattern. This is most commonly seen with tan and cream or black and tan, though there are many variations. Dark nails and eyes are considered desirable.
A less common color pattern you’ll see is the sable pattern. This is where there is a double-color on hairs that result in a tip that is significantly darker than the base. So the hair closest to the skin is lighter and it gets darker toward the tip. Black nose, nails and eye rims are desirable with this pattern.
Dachshund Breed Standard: Coat Type
The Dachshund has three different types of coats: smooth, wire and longhaired. Regardless of the size classification of the dog, the hair must conform to certain characteristics. The most common type you’ll find is the smooth coat, especially with standard Dachshunds.
Smooth Dachsunds should have a glossy smooth coat that is not too long or thick. It should be consistant from head to tail with no patchiness. The smooth coated dog is the most common type and is considered the traditional Dachshund.
Wirehaired dachshunds have a distinctive look and are less common than their smooth coated counterparts. Their hair is short and very thick, with a rough outer coat and a somewhat finer undercoat. They also have beards and eyebrows which give them a bit of an “old man” look.
Soft hair is a fault for this type of Dachshund, so is the absence of an undercoat. The hair on their ears is the only exceptionsince it is supposed to be smooth and very short. Wire haired Dachshunds also shouldn’t have extrememly wavy hair nor should they have irregular waves . Any color or color pattern is acceptable.
Official Standard of the Dachshund General Appearance
Official Standard of the Dachshund. General Appearance: Low to ground, long in body and short of leg, with robust muscular development; the skin is elastic.
Dachshund – Breed Standards
Hardy, vigorous, tireless, alert and responsive. Often described as “half-a-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long”. Excellent hunting dog for small ground game.
Dachshunds: The AKC Breed Standard
The (AKC) standard specifies that a Dachshund should be low to ground, long in body and short of leg. He should be robust and well-balanced.
Dachshund Breed Standard
Dachshunds are bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature, miniatures are not a separate Classification, but compete in a class division for “11 pounds”.
Dachshund (Miniature Smooth Haired) | Standards
Moderately long in proportion to height, with no exaggeration. Compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance.
Dachshund Dog Breed Information
Weight Males: 12-32 pounds. Females: 11-31 pounds. Height Males: 14-18 inches. Females: 13-17 inches.
Dachshund Breed Council: A quick guide
Exaggeration of any form is to be avoided. The Dachshund is not a breed where ‘more is better’. Please refer to the full Kennel Club Breed.
From these short legged dogs, the Dachshund evolved and was recognised as one of the most versatile and useful breeds of hunting dogs.
“Not long and not low” – please read the Breed Standard
For those Dachshund owners interested in showing their dog, the Breed Standard defines the Miniature and Standard varieties on the basis of their weight.
Dachshund Dog Breed Information
Dachshunds (pronounced DAKS hund — never dash-hound) come in three varieties: smooth (shorthaired), wirehaired and longhaired.
Dachshund, Standard – Pedigree Breeds
The Dachshund, also called Dackel or Teckel, has been known since the Middle Ages. Low, short legged, elongated but compact build, very muscular.
Can You Breed A Mini Dachshund With A Standard?
The standard dachshund next to the mini is unmistakably smaller. Mini doxies have a height of 5 to 6 inches to their withers, while the standard has 8 to 9.
Dachshund Dog Breed – Facts and Personality Traits
All three varieties of dachshunds — the smooth-, wire- and long-coated — are found in two sizes called standard and miniature. Miniatures are not a separate AKC.